Spring Equinox Day 2020
Many of us are accustomed to thinking that spring comes March 1, in fact, winter will continue astronomically for as long as 19 days, and the period of renewal will begin on the day of the vernal equinox. In the old days, folk holidays were celebrated at that time, noticed patterns, believed that dreams predict the future.
Date of the equinox in 2020
There are only two days a year when the sun rises strictly in the east and hides exactly in the west. One of them is the vernal equinox, when the duration of the bright part of the day after a long winter becomes equal to the dark. Almost every year in the northern part of the Earth it falls on the same day - March 20. But there are exceptions - in 2096 the date of this event will fall on the 19th. However, in 2020 no exceptions are expected, and on March 20, the so-called astronomical spring will come.
In 2020, the vernal equinox will come on Friday, March 20.
Around this date, the Gregorian calendar was built, which has been used for chronology for more than a century. The day of the vernal equinox in the calendar of many peoples was considered an important holiday. He was associated with the beginning of the New Year, the agricultural season, the victory of the forces of Good over Evil. This meaning filled traditional celebrations and customs.
This day is on the calendar.
Most modern residents perceive the equinox as a purely astronomical phenomenon, when the point of the celestial equator intersects with the ecliptic, night is equal to day, a tropical year begins. Our ancestors had a different approach. Many peoples considered this date a holiday. The ancient Slavs, Mayan tribes, Uzbeks, Tajiks, Iranians, Kirghiz revered her for the beginning of the New Year. In Russia, Magpies were celebrated that day. According to legend, forty birds arrive on this day, and sometimes it was possible to see larks arriving first. Turkic peoples celebrated Navruz, Tatars and Bashkirs - Sabantuy.
Folk traditions and customs
Each nation celebrates the vernal equinox, is associated with its unique traditions, with the meaning that they put into the event. The Slavs believed that on this day the forces of Good and Evil, Light and Darkness are measured. Light conquered, it was not for nothing that the days were getting longer. On the night before the holiday, bonfires were lit. They were supposed to help defeat Darkness. Each threw dry branches at them, accompanied his action with the words: "These are my diseases," "This is what I am afraid of." Such a ritual was supposed to save a person from problems.
It was believed that in the dark it was impossible to go out. If a person is in the dark, he must have a candle or a torch with him. The equinox was also called the "Heavenly Staircase." They believed that it was possible to get to the gods, ask them about the essentials. And until now, Ukraine has preserved the custom of baking a pie with the image of forty birds, as well as stairs. In Russia, baked larks, as symbols of spring.
For some European nations, the agricultural annual cycle began. In his honor baked bread, cookies. On this day, the God of the Sun comes to earth, helps. The Germans did not eat meat, it was believed that with the onset of spring this action helps to cleanse. In Japan, the custom of veneration of ancestors is widespread. Their portraits are set in a prominent place; special dishes are prepared in their honor. In some countries of Central Asia, celebrating the New Year at the equinox, people asked each other for forgiveness, arranged festivities, and repaid debts. Mexicans come to Chichen Itza, which used to be the main Mayan city, and watch theatrical performances.
Fortune telling and signs
No public holiday was complete without fortune-telling, and especially many of them are directly related to the equinox:
- Some of the lark cookies were thrown into the air and tried to catch. Good health awaits the person who most catches him.
- Baked larks were also used for other fortune telling. Different items were piled into the dough. The button promised a new thing, a coin - the expectation of wealth, a ring - the upcoming wedding, a bead - the birth of a child.
- The unmarried girl on the night before the spring equinox could find out the name of the bridegroom. To do this, she wrote seven different names on separate sheets, folding them under a pillow. Waking up in the morning, I had to get one piece of paper and read what was written. It was important to remember that any word uttered before reading the name could destroy magic.
- It was also believed that any desired desire will be fulfilled if one makes it into a natural phenomenon. For example, say “I want to get married” as soon as the first drops of rain fall on my face, or the moon becomes visible.
- They were guessing pancakes in another way. If the first baked pancake turned out normal, the girl will marry.
Associated with this festival and will take a lot:
- It was believed that everything that a person thinks about will be fulfilled, so you had to think about the good.
- The weather, which will be at the vernal equinox, will be the same for another forty days.
- A flock of birds in the sky promises a good harvest.
- Clouds swiftly floating across the sky are a sign of warm summer.
- Nature will be generous to man, if one does not hold grudges.
Rituals on this day for the fulfillment of desires: