Childcare allowance for children under 3 years old in 2020
After the authorities declared their desire to start paying the cost of living to families raising children under 3 years old, many parents began to closely monitor the news. They want to know whether there will be a allowance for caring for a child under 3 years old in 2020 or is it just an online fake that is in vain giving hope. Now everything has become known about increasing payments for children up to 3 years.
Current compensation payments up to 3 years
For many years, parents of babies up to 3 years old receive a monthly allowance of indecent 50 rubles. However, it does not belong to everyone - such a payment comes from the employer's salary fund, therefore, it is received only by employed mothers / fathers who are on parental leave. Such a payment was appointed in May 1994 by presidential decree No. 1110.
When it came to raising benefits, many wondered how much this shameful amount of 50 rubles would increase. In some places, posts appeared on the network about increasing this amount by 200%. Some citizens still think that this allowance accrued by the employer will be increased to 10,000 rubles.
Parents should know that this is not entirely reliable information - no one is going to increase compensation payments. Instead, Russia will introduce a new allowance for families with children under 3 years old. These are not just plans - officials have already prepared a regulatory framework to ensure the accrual of such a payment.
New law on benefits up to 3 years
From January 1, 2020, the state introduces a new child allowance for low-income families. The principle of receipt is approximately the same as for the recently appeared Putin’s allowance up to 1.5 years. The main difference is the age of the child - new children rely for kids from one and a half to three years.
The Benefit Act provides for the accrual of a child's subsistence minimum (MP) for families with a combined income of less than 2 MP per person. At the same time, the child should be born in 2018 and beyond, and the children of 2017 will not be paid anything.
Attention! It is important to distinguish between compensation payments and the new allowance. These are different charges that are not related to each other. In fact, this is not an increase in benefits up to three years, but a completely different payment, not related to 50 rubles of compensation.
Some Internet portals have already called the new payment "childish from Putin 2.0." In recent years, this is the second largest child benefit for families with low per capita incomes. Even the average figures of the new payment are named - 11.5 tr. Just do not forget that in one region the minimum reaches 12-13 thousand, but some regions do not receive even 10 000 rubles as a PM.
The law on benefits was adopted on July 24, 2019, this is already an accomplished fact. It remains to be seen whether everyone will be able to pay the benefit or only the selected category of recipients who could comply with the full list of requirements will get it.
As with the first large child allowance called Putin's, this payment has certain requirements for recipients. This allowance cannot be received by all parents with a child between the ages of 1.5 and 3 years. In addition, the new payment has an unusual feature regarding the support of large families.
Attention! Parents should know that this form of state support does not apply to families with a large number of children. They will not pay benefits to large families, they are entitled to other forms of assistance, so even Putin’s new payment is not allowed even for the third child.
Based on this, it can be understood that without problems it will be possible to receive benefits for both the first baby and the second child, but that's all, then the payment does not work. This rule limits the total number of recipients. More precise criteria will be reflected in Art. 13 of federal law No. 83-FZ.
The main requirements for recipients are very simple:
- Must be the first or second child under 3 years old.
- Documented low income.
- The presence of a child (children under 3 years old) born not earlier than 2018.
An unusual fact in the assignment of the new allowance is the absence of the requirement that the mother / father be on maternity leave for a child under 3 years old. Even if the mother went to work, but the total income of the parents does not give two living wages for each family member, then the right to receive payment is retained.
Refusal of benefits for a number of persons
As mentioned above, the third child does not receive such a payment. This applies to all subsequent children. Consequently, the first in the category of people deprived of new payments are those with many children. It doesn’t matter if they meet the main criterion - actual need.
Based on this logic, even low-income large families have no such allowance. Probably, this approach was conceived with the aim of preventing "conveyor" childbirth, when each subsequent baby is born only for benefits and payments. A new allowance, when distributed to mothers with many children, could provoke an increase in the number of such families.
Separately, it is worth highlighting the "late" mothers. The principle of skipping 5-6 months with the subsequent submission of documents and compensation for the past six months is no longer relevant. The allowance will be accrued from the moment of submission, therefore, those who did not have time / forgot / did not have the opportunity to make a timely payment will be denied accrual in the past months.
Also, a legislative base is being prepared for the correct refusal to assign benefits to people who used maternity capital to repay a mortgage loan. According to the law, women applying for payment for a second child will spend money on this from maternity capital. The ability to repay an existing mortgage with maternity capital without reference to the child's age should be taken into account in new regulations regarding the accrual of benefits up to three years.
Other requirements for granting benefits
Finding out who is entitled to benefits up to 3 years, many forget about additional criteria for calculating payments. In particular, in the future there will be many families who do not know about the need for annual re-collection of documents. Some also ignore the existence of a financial boundary that reflects the total family income.
Important! It is worth remembering that this Putin’s allowance is intended only for families with low per capita incomes. The requirement for income of 1.5 times the subsistence level in 2020 will be amended. Now state support extends to families with incomes below 2 minimum wages per person.
It should be noted that the presence of any large payments accrued in addition to the salary is also taken into account. The same maternity, interest on deposits, alimony and other income will be taken into account when analyzing the material situation of the family. If in the financial situation of the family over the previous year there were changes that increased the total income, then they may refuse to grant benefits if the line of 2 PM per 1 person is crossed. This rule applies to payments not only for 1 child, but also for the second, despite the fact that the money comes from the capital.
Features of calculation of payments and registration procedure
Many parents do not know that the child allowance is calculated not from the date of birth of the baby until the same day of the next month - payments are considered on a different basis. Accrual goes until the last day of the month inclusive. Those. if the fact of granting benefits falls on the 20th, then this month will be paid only at 30 or 31, for 10/11 days. Therefore, in the last month of accrual, when the child is 3 years old, only the 20th day will be paid.
Moms learn this information when they apply for benefits up to 1.5 years. They don’t even need to find out what documents are needed for subsequent processing of payments up to the age of three. At the same time, the amount of the new allowance for low-income families will be comparable to the payment of up to one and a half years of similar purpose. The basis will be taken on the cost of living for children, operating in a single region. The time interval for determining the PM value is also indicated - in 2020, the payment will be oriented according to the size of the children's minimum fixed for the 2nd quarter of the previous year.
Worth to know! Registration of benefits is simple, the same as for receiving payments up to 1, 5 years. At the same time, the new Putin’s allowance has the same rules - the money for the second baby comes from maternity capital.
News about the appearance of such a law pleased first of all the mothers who gave birth to the first baby. In fact, only they will be provided with full gratuitous assistance from the state. Families with 2 children in case of financial difficulties can also make their life easier, but at the cost of reducing maternal capital.
The allowance for caring for a child under 3 years old in 2020 will be an indisputable help for thousands of Russian low-income families. The paid living wage will provide the child with the most necessary things and objects. At the same time, it will enable mothers to stay longer with the baby, pushing away the urgent need to go to work due to a pronounced shortage of funds. The new payment and the law corresponding to it are imperfect, but are nevertheless aimed at improving the well-being of families with children.